Bash script to create virtual hosting in Fedora

I am often needing to add a script to create virtual hosting, below is one I have written for fedora (that can be altered for any distro) that creates the necessary folder structure, vhost host entries and restarts Apache.

#!/bin/bash
 
#################################
# SETTINGS LOCATIONS
WWW_ROOT='/var/www' # no trailing slash
DOC_ROOT='httd_docs' # no trailing slash
 
# SETTINGS TEMPLATE FILE
INDEX_MSG='HOSTING READY FOR <DN>' # <DN> WILL BE REPLACED WITH THE DOMAIN
INDEX_FILE='index.html'
 
# SETTINGS DIRECTORY PERMISSIONS
DIR_OWNER='apache'
DIR_GROUP='apache'
DIR_MOD='770'
 
# APACHE (FEDORA)
APACHE_RELOAD='service httpd restart' # cmd to reload/restart apache
APACHE_CONF_LOCATION='/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf' # no trailing slash
APACHE_CONF_TEMPLATE="
# <FQDN>
<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@<DN>
    ServerName <FQDN>
    ServerAlias <DN>
 
    DocumentRoot <DN_ROOT>
    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/<DN_SLUG>-apache-error_log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/<DN_SLUG>-access_log common
</VirtualHost>"; # <DN> WILL BE REPLACED WITH THE DOMAIN, FQDN WITH THE FQDN, DN_SLUG WITH THE DOMAIN SLUG AND DN_ROOT WITH DOCUMENT ROOT
 
# HOSTS FILE
HOSTS_FILE='/etc/hosts'
#################################
 
 
#################################
# FUNCTIONS
function notice() {
        echo "============================================================================================================"
        echo $1
        echo "============================================================================================================"
}
 
function slugify(){
	echo $* | sed 's/^dl-*//ig' | tr '[:punct:]' '-' | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]' | tr -s '[:blank:]' '[\-*]'
}
#################################
 
 
 
#################################
# START
if [[ $(/usr/bin/id -u) -ne 0 ]]; then
	notice "You must be root to run this script"
else
	# GET DN AND FQDN
	notice "Please enter the domain name"
	read DN
	DN="${DN/#\www./}"
	FQDN="www.$DN"
 
	# BEGIN 
	host $DN 2>&1 > /dev/null
	if [ ! $? -eq 0 ]; then
		echo "$DN is not valid domain"
	else
		DN_SLUG=$(slugify "$DN");
		if [ -d "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG" ]; then
			notice "$DN already exists in $WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG"
		else	
			# MAIN STRUCTURE
			mkdir "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG"
			mkdir "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG/$DOC_ROOT"
			echo "${INDEX_MSG//<DN>/$FQDN}" > "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG/$DOC_ROOT/$INDEX_FILE"
 
			# OWNERSHIP
			chown -R "$DIR_OWNER:$DIR_GROUP" "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG"
			chmod -R "$DIR_MOD" "$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG"
 
			# QUICK LOOK UP LOCALLY
			HOSTS_FILE_BK="$(date +$HOSTS_FILE-%d%m%Y_%R.bak)";
			cp "$HOSTS_FILE" "$HOSTS_FILE_BK";
			if [ ! -f "$HOSTS_FILE_BK" ]; then
				notice "Failed to create host file backup at $HOSTS_FILE_BK"
			else 
 
				echo "# ${FQDN}" >> "$HOSTS_FILE";
				echo 127.0.0.1   ${DN} >> "$HOSTS_FILE";
				echo 127.0.0.1   ${FQDN} >> ""$HOSTS_FILE"";
 
				# APACHE ENTRIES
				APACHE_TEMPLATE="${APACHE_CONF_TEMPLATE//<DN>/$DN}";
				APACHE_TEMPLATE="${APACHE_TEMPLATE//<FQDN>/$FQDN}";
				APACHE_TEMPLATE="${APACHE_TEMPLATE//<DN_ROOT>/$WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG/$DOC_ROOT/}";
				APACHE_TEMPLATE="${APACHE_TEMPLATE//<DN_SLUG>/$DN_SLUG}";
				APACHE_CONF_LOCATION_BK="$(date +$APACHE_CONF_LOCATION-%d%m%Y_%R.bak)";
				cp "$APACHE_CONF_LOCATION" "$APACHE_CONF_LOCATION_BK";
				if [ -f "$APACHE_CONF_LOCATION_BK" ]; then
					echo "$APACHE_TEMPLATE" >> $APACHE_CONF_LOCATION;
					$APACHE_RELOAD;
					notice "$DN created at $WWW_ROOT/$DN_SLUG (apache bkup file found at $APACHE_CONF_LOCATION_BK)"
				else
					notice "Failed to create Apache config backup at $APACHE_CONF_LOCATION_BK"
				fi	
			fi
		fi
	fi
 
fi
read STOP
exit;
################################
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This entry was posted on Friday, August 15th, 2014 at 4:41 pm and is filed under Bash. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed.

One Response to “Bash script to create virtual hosting in Fedora”

  1. Phillip says:

    Your network adinmistrator doesn’t know how to solve your Windows problem so he is blaming it on something outside the system. The Linux webserver (not part of the domain) cannot alter Windows Services.

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